Coccidiosis

Common poultry diseases include: – Coccidiosis, New Castle disease, Fowl Typhoid and Fowl pox. Poultry also may suffer from ectoparasites and edoparasites in addition to other vices.

If one of the birds start showing signs of coccidiosis, it’s good to treat the whole flock.

The disease is spread from bird to bird through unsporulated oocysts.

The oocysts can also be transmitted through shoes, farm equipments, contaminated water and feeds.

If one of the birds start showing signs of coccidiosis, it’s good to treat the whole flock.

The parasite damages the intestinal walls’ tissues causing bleeding and mal-absorption of nutrients thereby encouraging growth and multiplication of bacteria.

The protozoan that causes coccidiosis can lie dormant in the soil until it’s exposed to moisture, either from rain, water spillage a round drinkers.

The disease is caused by protozoa coccidian, we which multiply very rapidly in the intestines. It usually occurs at 8 to 10 weeks of age and normally expresses itself in acute and chronic forms.

In the acute type, death occurs in 5 to 7 days. The chronic type does not kill immediately but persists for long.

Image Source Poultry DVM

Infected birds or chicks become droopy, look unthrifty, and usually have ruffled feathers, pale beaks and shanks. Caecal coccidiosis has bloody droppings. Mortality may be high and sudden.

Sulphur drugs are normally used for treatment, use of coccidiostat in feed and always ensuring dry litter are other controls.

Keeping good hygiene in the poultry house and it’s environs is key to prevention of the disease.

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